Solid Organ Surgery

Causes :

Solid organ surgery is advised when doctors detect cancer or tumour in the solid organs of the patient’s body like adrenal glands, kidneys, spleen, pancreas. These are the organs which control the amount as well as distribution of water and food responsible for the human body to survive. Surgeons recommend laparoscopic solid organ surgery as it causes less pain and faster recovery.

Types :

 Adrenalectomy : this surgery is performed to remove either one or both of the adrenal glands where a cancer or tumour is detected to have spread to kidney or lung. There are two options : an open surgery or a laparoscopic surgery.

Spleen : Spleen is responsible for the filtering of blood which strengthens the immune system apart from fighting the bacteria that cause pneumonia and meningitis. Patients need a surgery for spleen removal in case of blockage, hemolytic anaemia, malignancy. A surgery known as laparoscopic splenectomy is thus performed.

Kidneys : Sometimes a laparoscopic nephrectomy is performed for partial or entire removal of kidneys when the kidney is detected with cysts, renal failure, stones, nephritis, chronic kidney diseases, and diabetic nephropathy.

Pancreas : pancreatectomy is performed for the surgical removal of part or entire pancreas when the doctor detects cysts, tumour, islet cell tumour and cystic fibrosis.

Liver : hepactectomy is performed for surgical removal of liver. This may happen because of cancer, fatty liver, hepatitis.

Symptoms :

Adrenal Glands : extreme variation of heart rate and blood pressure.

Spleen : patient’s platelets count becomes low

Kidneys : infection in the urinary tract, pain while urinating

Pancreas : inflammation, severe trauma, neoplasms

Liver : fatty liver

What you can expect :

Pre & During :

Adrenalectomy :after the pre operative investigations the surgeon will give you complete anaesthesia. Laparoscope is inserted through the cannula as the surgeon will do some punctures in the abdominal cavity. The surgeon will then separate the adrenal gland from its attachments, kept in a bag and taken out from one of the incisions made.

Spleen : after administering general anaesthesia the surgeon will make some small incisions to let the instruments and camera inside the abdomen. The surgeon with the help of the video will cut the spleen from its attachments and take it out from one of the incisions made.

Kidneys : the surgeon will administer general anaesthesia and make few small incisions to let the laparoscope and surgical instruments go inside the abdomen, the surgeon will dissect the kidney and bring it out through one of the incisions.

Pancreas : same procedure is followed the surgeon makes few incisions to let the camera and instruments travel inside the abdomen. In case the pancreatectomy is partial the surgeon will clamp and cut the blood vessels and staple the pancreas. But if it is complete then the surgeon will remove the entire pancreas.

Liver : after incisions are made the surgeon will insert the camera and instruments inside the abdomen to remove the affected part of the liver.

After : the patient gets discharged on the next day of surgery. The patients are advised to keep away from wetting the dressing and take the prescribed medications on time.

Results : short hospital stay with minimal pain.