Bariatric & Metabolic Surgery in India

health risks of obesity

Bariatric & Metabolic Surgery in India


Bariatric surgery is considered to be the most effective treatment for obesity in terms of maintenance of long-term weight loss and improvement in obesity-related comorbid conditions.
Bariatric surgical procedures cause weight loss by restricting the amount of food the stomach can hold, causing malabsorption of nutrients, or by a combination of both gastric restriction and malabsorption. Bariatric procedures also cause desired hormonal changes. Most weight loss surgeries today are performed using minimally invasive techniques (laparoscopic surgery).


Understanding the BMI

Body Mass Index is the easiest and most appropriate method of knowing if one has a healthy or an unhealthy weight.
BMI is calculated by using following formula:

BMI = Weight (in kilograms)

Height (m) X Height (m)

BMI range – kg/m2 Category
<18.5 Underweight
18.5-23.5 Normal
23.5-27.5 Overweight
27.5-37.5 Obese
> 37.5 Morbidly Obese
> 50 Super Obese
> 60 Super Super Obese
Morbid Obesity
Morbid obesity is a state of severe obesity defined by following BMI criteria.

BMI > 37.5 with or without associated illness.
BMI > 32.5 with diseases like diabetes, hypertension etc.
Those who are morbidly obese are at greater risk for illnesses including diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gallstones, osteoarthritis, heart disease, infertility and cancer.”